The Muses ( Ancient Greek: Μοῦσαι ) in Greek mythology, poetry and literature, are the goddesses of the inspiration of literature, science and the arts. They were considered the source of the knowledge, related orally for centuries in the ancient culture that was contained in poetic lyrics and myths.

«Υμνούμε, ναι υμνούμε το φως που ανάγει τους ανθρώπους, τις λαμπρόφωνες εννέα του μεγάλου Διός θυγατέρες: αυτές που όσες ψυχές πλανιώνται εξόριστες στα βάθη του βιωτικού τους είναι τις λυτρώνουν με τις άχραντες τελετές βιβλίων που αφυπνίζουν τον νου από τις αφόρητες οδύνες που γεννά η γη, και τις διδάσκουν να πάρουν τον δρόμο ώστε να ξεπεράσουν τρέχοντας την πολυκύμαντη Λήθη και να φτάσουν κάποτε ολοκάθαρες στο συννομό τους άστρο…» ύμνος του Πρόκλου προς τις Μούσες

The Muses, the personification of knowledge and the arts, especially literature, dance and music, are the nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne (memory personified). Sometimes they are referred to as water nymphs, associated with the springs of Helicon and with Pieris.

Calliope - Epic poetry - Writing tablet
ClioHistory - Scrolls
EratoLove poetry - Cithara (an ancient Greek musical instrument in the lyre family)
EuterpeSong and Elegiac poetry - Aulos (an ancient Greek musical instrument like a flute)
MelpomeneTragedy - Tragic mask
PolyhymniaHymns  - Veil
TerpsichoreDance - Lyre
ThaliaComedy - Comic mask
UraniaAstronomy - Globe and compass

(Source: mortisia)

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